21.4.0 - Language Tips & Culture

1. Other ways to express “Day of the week ” in Chinese: 周[zhōu] and 礼拜[lǐbài]

In spoken Chinese, 礼拜 [lǐbài] is also often used. 周 [zhōu] is used in both written Chinese and spoken Chinese. Nowadays, you will find that all of these three words to express day of the week 星期 [xīng qī], 礼拜 [lǐbài] and 周 [zhōu] are commonly used by people according to their personal preference. Don’t bother which one to choose, Just choose the one you prefer or the one you can pronounce easily.

[zhōu]

礼拜

[lǐbài]

English

周一

[zhōu yī]

礼拜一

[lǐbài yī]

Monday

周二

[zhōu èr]

礼拜二

[lǐbài èr]

Tuesday

周三

[zhōu sān]

礼拜三

[lǐbài sān]

Wednesday

周四

[zhōu sì]

礼拜四

[lǐbài sì]

Thursday

周五

[zhōu wǔ]

礼拜五

[lǐbài wǔ]

Friday

周六

[zhōu liù]

礼拜六

[lǐbài liù]

Saturday

周日

[zhōu rì]

礼拜天

[lǐbài tiān]

Sunday


2. Five most important festivals in China

No. 1

春节[Chūnjié]

Chinese New year

Time

正月初一

[Zhēngyuè chū yī]

(January 1st on the lunar calendar)

Main Customs

• 吃团圆饭

[chī tuányuán fàn]

People will go home for the family reunion dinner

• 拜年

[bài nián]

The younger give New Year greetings to the elders

• 给红包

[gěi hóngbāo]

The elders give gift money to the younger

No.2

元宵节

[Yuánxiāo jié]

Lantern Festival

Time

正月十五

[Zhēngyuè shíwǔ]

(the 15th day of the 1st lunar month)

Main Customs

• 吃汤圆

[chī tāngyuán]

Eating Tangyuan(Glutinous rice balls)

• 看花灯

[kàn huādēng]

Viewing lanterns

• 舞龙

[wǔ lóng]

Dragon dance

• 猜灯谜

[cāi dēngmí]

Solving lantern riddles

No.3

清明节

[Qīngmíng jié]

Ching Ming Festival

Time

4月4-6日

[sì yuè sì -liù rì]

(In solar calendar)

Main Customs

• 扫墓

[sǎo mù]

Tomb Sweeping

• 踏春

[tà chūn]

Spring outing

• 种树

[zhòng shù]

Planting trees

No.4

端午节

[Duānwǔ jié]

Dragon Boat Festival

Time

五月初五

[wǔ yuè chū wǔ]

(the 5th day of the 5th month of the lunar calendar)

Main Customs

• 赛龙舟

[sài lóngzhōu]

Dragon Boat Race

• 吃粽子

[chī zòngzi]

Eating zongzi(rice dumplings)

• 挂艾草

[guà àicǎo]

Hanging Chinese mugwort on the door

No.5

中秋节

[Zhōngqiū jié]

Mid-Autumn Festival

Time

八月十五

[bā yuè shíwǔ]

(the 15th day of the 8th month in lunar calender)

Main Customs

• 赏月

[shǎng yuè]

Watching the moon

• 吃月饼

[chī yuèbǐng]

Eating moon cakes

Discussion

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