21.2.0 - Grammar Points

1. Express date: Year, Month, Date and Day of the week

To express a date in Chinese, we go from bigger time units to smaller time units. 年 [nián]→月 [yuè]→日 [rì], 号 [hào] is often used in spoken Chinese whereas 日 [rì] is often used in written Chinese.

For example:


Num.

Year

Num.

Month

Num.

Date

1989

[nián]

4

[yuè]

30

[hào] / 日 [rì]

2001

[nián]

5

[yuè]

1

[hào] / 日 [rì]

2021

[nián]

11

[yuè]

12

[hào] / 日 [rì]

The numbers from 1 to 6 are used after 星期 [xīngqī] to express Monday to Saturday. Sunday is 星期天 [xīngqī tiān] or 星期日[xīngqī rì].


Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

星期一

[xīngqī yī]

星期二

[xīngqī èr]

星期三

[xīngqī sān]

星期四

[xīngqī sì]

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

星期五

[xīngqī wǔ]

星期六

[xīngqī liù]

星期天

[xīngqī tiān]

or

星期日

[xīngqī rì]


2. Asking date and day of the week.


Subject

Predicate

Q:

今天

[Jīntiān]

Today

几号?

[jǐ hào]?

what date?

A:

今天

[Jīntiān]

Today

10月1号。

[shí yuè yī hào].

October,1st.

Q:

今天

[Jīntiān]

Today

星期几?

[xīngqī jǐ]?

what day?

A:

今天

[Jīntiān]

Today

星期五。

[xīngqī wǔ].

Friday.


Quiz: Please choose the correct word to fill in the blanks.

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